Efficient Muscle Distribution Reflects the Positive Influence of Coenzyme Q10 Phytosome in Healthy Aging Athletes after Stressing Exercise
Author(s): Franchek Drobnic, Joan Riera, Rafael Artuch, Cristina Jou, Anna Codina, Raquel Montero, Abraham J Paredes-Fuentes, Joan Carles Domingo, Montse Banquells, Antonella Riva, Pietro Allegrini, Giovanna Petrangolini, Stefano Togni
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an ubiquitously-distributed molecule with a key role in mitochondrial efficiency, involving protection against peroxidation induced by reactive oxygen species. In athletes during intense training and strenuous exercise, a reactive oxygen species overproduction occurs and can cause muscular stress and damage: a reduction of those undesired effects would be of benefit. CoQ10 antioxidant properties are described in several clinical studies, but efficacy of CoQ10 supplementation in pre-senescent athletes has not yet been clearly demonstrated. A randomized, intervention-controlled, single-center clinical trial was performed in healthy aging (pre-senescent) runners undergoing exercise training in conditions of high environmental stress. One group used an innovative food-grade CoQ10 phytosome formulation (Ubiqsome) daily for 30 days, while the control group did not take supplementation. Phytosome technique applied to CoQ10 successfully increased CoQ10 bioavailability, as previously demonstrated. CoQ10 levels and oxidative with inflammatory markers were detected in both plasma and muscle. Data obtained highlighted that 500 mg of CoQ10 phytosome (corresponding to 100 mg CoQ10), administered once a day for 30 days significantly improved CoQ10 bioavailability in healthy volunteer aging runners (50-65 years) by increasing both plasmatic and muscular CoQ10 levels, with a reduction of inflammatory cytokines and Malonyl Dialdehyde levels suggesting a protective effect induced by supplementation. The original CoQ10 phytosome formulation results to be of benefit in increasing CoQ10 plasmatic and muscular levels when CoQ10 decrease occurred for oxidative stress conditions, aging or high training.